Obesity is a complex disease involving an excessive amount of body fat. Obesity isn't just a cosmetic concern. It's a medical problem that increases the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers.
There are many reasons why some people have difficulty losing weight. Usually, obesity results from inherited, physiological and environmental factors, combined with diet, physical activity and exercise choices.
The good news is that even modest weight loss can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity. A healthier diet, increased physical activity and behavior changes can help you lose weight. Prescription medications and weight-loss procedures are additional options for treating obesity.
Obesity has a strong genetic component .Children of obese parent are much more likely to become obese than children of lean parents. That doesn’t mean that obesity is completely predetermined . What you eat can have a major effects on which genes are expressed and which are not
Heavily processed food are often little more than refined ingrediants mixed with additives. These products are designed ,to be cheap ,last long on the shelf and taste so incredibly good that they are hard to resist .By making food as tasty as possible , food manufactures are trying to increase their sales, but they also promote overeating .
Junk food can cause addition in susceptible individuals . These people loose control over their eating behavior, similar to people struggling with alcohol addiction
Insulin is a very important hormone that regulates energy storage among other things . One of its function is to tell fat cells to store fat and to hold on to the fat they already carry .
While insulin’s role in obesity is controversial , several studies suggest that high insulin have casual role in the development of obesity
Many pharmaceutical drugs can cause weight gain as a side effects .For example antidepressants have been linkeded to modest weight gain over time . These drugs don’t decrease your will power , they alter the function of their body and brain , reducing metabolic rate or increasing appetite
Leptin is an another hormone that plays an important role in obesity , it is produce by fat cells and its blood vessels increase with higher fat mass . For these reason , Leptin levels are especially high in people with obesity . In healthy people high Leptin levels are linked to reduce appetite .When working properly it should ,it should tell your brain how high your fat stores are .
The problem is that leptin isn’t working as it should in many obese people because for some reason it cannot cross the blood -brain barrier . This condition is called leptin resistence and is believed to be the leading factor in the pathogenesis of obesity .
Added sugar may be the single worst aspect of the modern diet , that’s because sugar changes the hormone and biochemestry of your body when consumed in excess , this in return contributes to weight gain .
For all these reason , sugar contributes to increased energy storage and , ultimately , obesity.
Obesity is a condition when the BMI(Body mass index) of a person lies above 30 . Just take the ratio of body weight (in kg )and the square of person heights (in mts)to get the BMI .
BMI of 25 to 29.9 indicates that the person is overweight and it is better to exercise proper measures for weight loss and health maintenance at this stage. BMI of 30 and above indicates obesity
There are remedies in Ayurveda for weight loss and to maintain health for people who are obese or overweight . Deep ,dry massages with herbal powders and pastes(UDWARTHANAM) , synchronized massage with specific oils (ABHYANGA), and herbal steam bath helps mobilize the accumulated fat ; whereas specially designed diet and yog programs prevent in further accumulation .
Appropriate PANCHAKARMA therapies are also administered based on the requirement of the individual. These are carried out based on the practitioner’s recommendation in the presence of experts . (DHANURSANA), (BHUJANGASANA), (AHALABASABA), (ARDHAMATSYENSRASANA),( TRIKONASANA) &( VAKRASANA) are few of the asanas or yoga postures for loosing extra fat .This will be more effective when practiced with proper diet and pranayama and proper diet . Walking and regular exercise helps in maintaining good health . Brisk walk for about half an hour during morning helps in burning excess fat and keeps fresh too .
• Avoid rice , refined wheat flour , and fat –rich food including milk products such as paneer , cheese , butter . The natural way of weight loss is the best way to shed out the excess fat in the body.
• Eat when hungry and learn to stop eating once the body indicates.
• Avoid eating snacks in between meals as most snacks are unhealthy and can lead to weight gain . When hungry , it is better to eat fruits or nuts like badam ( almonds), which are healthy.
• Following a regular routine for waking up , going to sleep, having food ,and a regimented physical activity will help the body’s metabolism to be optimal
• A deep and sound sleep of 6-8 hours helps to refresh the body and allows for effective metabolism .